Physicists at CERN have said they had discovered a new particle that is consistent with the Higgs boson, a particle for which the scientists had been working years together to discover it. This long-sought particle is very crucial to the current understanding of how our universe is built.
CERN, located in Geneva, is the European Organization for Nuclear Research, which is the premier research body in the world, conducting experiments on High energy Physics and various other areas. CERN has the world’s largest particle accelerator – The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) – which is a tunnel 27 km in circumference, across Switzerland and France borders.
One of the two independent teams at the world’s biggest atom smasher said Wednesday it has found strong evidence of a new subatomic particle that looks like the one believed to give all matter in the universe size and shape.
Fabiola Gianotti, leader of the second team of some 3,000 scientists, known as ATLAS, said it also has observed some “beautiful” events in CERN’s atom smasher, the $10 billion Large Hadron Collider on the Swiss-French border.
“We observe in our data clear signs of a new particle, at the level of 5 sigma, in the mass region around 126 GeV. The outstanding performance of the LHC and ATLAS and the huge efforts of many people have brought us to this exciting stage,” said Fabiola Gianotti, “but a little more time is needed to prepare these results for publication.”
Joe Incandela, leader of one of the teams known as CMS, told scientists at the European Center for Nuclear Research, or CERN, that his team of 2,100 scientists has “observed” a new particle that is a boson — the same type of particle as the long-sought Higgs boson, popularly referred to as the “God particle.”
He described the data as consistent with the elusive Higgs boson, whose existence was predicted decades ago to help explain how the universe works, but stopped short of definitively declaring discovery of the Higgs boson.
The second team was just starting to present its evidence before a packed auditorium, where scientists broke into applause intermittently. It has been creating high-energy collisions of protons to investigate dark matter, antimatter and the creation of the universe, which many theorize occurred in a massive explosion known as the Big Bang.
It could be recalled that the research at CERN has been widely rumoured in many of the popular modern fiction works, including the ‘Angels and Demons’ by Dan Brown – which revolves around a plot in which the scientists at CERN discover the ‘antimatter’ which could be much devastating than a present day nuclear bomb.